Wednesday, November 22, 2023

5 Risks of Boarding House Rental Business in the Philippines

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In the Philippines, boarding houses are a popular economic accommodation alternative for students, young professionals, and low-income persons.

Boarding houses are mainly found in heavily populated urban regions such as Manila and Cebu, where there is a significant need for economical housing. The size of boarding homes varies from small apartments with a few rooms to enormous structures with dozens of rooms.

Tenants often pay monthly rent, including their room and shared usage of common areas such as kitchens, toilets, and living spaces. As part of the renting package, boarding house owners may include essential utilities such as power, water, and internet connection. Some boarding houses also provide extra services like laundry and cleaning.

Boarding house proprietors in the Philippines must follow local regulations and get the relevant government licenses. They are accountable for the property’s upkeep and the safety and well-being of their renters. In addition, boarding homes must follow safety laws such as fire safety and building codes.

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While boarding house operations in the Philippines can be profitable, they face problems such as competition from other rental properties and the need to reconcile affordability with profitability.

Boarding house rental property business
Boarding house rental property business

Boarding house rental business advantages

  • Consistent cash flow: Rental properties provide a consistent stream of rental revenue, which can give investors a stable source of cash flow.
  • Rental properties can appreciate over time, increasing equity and the potential for long-term capital gains.
  • Tax advantages: Rental property owners may be eligible for various tax advantages, including mortgage interest, property tax deductions, and depreciation.
  • Diversification: Rental properties can provide diversification for investors who want to spread their investments across several asset classes.
  • Control: Owners of rental properties have some control over their investment, such as the ability to make changes, determine rent prices, and choose tenants.
  • Inflation hedge: Rental income and property values may rise over time, creating an inflation hedge.
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While it’s attractive to see the advantages described above, investors in boarding house rental properties also need to look at the potential blockers that may discourage them from proceeding with such a venture.

High maintenance costs

The expenses paid to keep the property in good shape and ensure it remains safe and habitable for tenants are referred to as rental house maintenance charges. Repairs, improvements, and basic upkeep such as cleaning, painting, and landscaping are all included in these fees.

Costs may vary based on the sort of renters accepted by landlords. For example, a single renter out working or attending school throughout the week will spend more time at the rental property on weekends, reducing household utility.

On the other hand, a young family with toddlers may provide a more considerable maintenance risk since small children may accidentally break fragile items or stain walls with scribbling materials.

Child scribbling on the wall
A child scribbling on the wall

Maintenance expenditures can have a substantial impact on profitability. Maintenance expenditures can be significant depending on the age and condition of the property and may diminish the cash flow generated by the rental property. The owner is responsible for fixing busted pipes, clogged drainage, or leaking roofs. Unexpected repairs or emergency maintenance can also result in unplanned expenses, reducing profitability.

Rental property owners should develop a regular maintenance schedule to ensure the property remains in good shape to minimize maintenance costs and maximize profits. These are examples of routine inspections to discover possible problems before they become significant concerns, regular cleaning and upkeep of shared spaces, and quick repairs of any damage or wear and tear.

Owners can also cut maintenance expenses by investing in long-lasting, low-maintenance materials and equipment. For example, using energy-efficient bulbs or solar panels can cut utility bills.

Vacancies and turnover

Vacancy rates and tenant turnover are key issues in the rental house company because they might affect recurrent income.

The vacancy rate is the percentage of vacant rental units at any time. A high vacancy rate can result in lost rental income and may suggest a property issue, such as high rental prices, bad management, or an unattractive location.

The pace at which renters leave a property and are replaced by new tenants is called tenant turnover. High tenant turnover can lead to lost rental income and additional costs associated with finding new renters, such as advertising, screening, and preparing the unit for occupancy.

Questions may arise when a property has high tenant turnover rate:

  • Is the rental increase excessive compared to nearby properties of similar level?
  • Are the facilities inadequate, often damaged, or substandard?
  • Are tenants bothered by noise pollution, poor air quality, susceptibility to getting sick, and lack of sleep at night?

Vacancy rates and tenant turnover can have a major influence on recurring income. A high vacancy rate or frequent tenant turnover might result in lost rental income and lower the investment’s profitability. The amount of effort and time invested by the landlord looking for a new tenant while the property isn’t delivering income can also be a stressful experience.

Rental property owners should focus on effective property management and tenant retention measures to limit the effects of vacancy rates and tenant turnover on recurring income. Offering reasonable rental prices, providing high-quality amenities and services, keeping the property in good condition, and developing strong connections with tenants are all examples.

Owners can limit tenant turnover by offering lease renewal incentives, responding quickly to tenant requests and concerns, and conducting frequent tenant surveys to gauge satisfaction and highlight areas for improvement.

While vacancy rates and tenant turnover are inherent hazards in the rental house business, good property management and tenant retention methods can help mitigate their influence on recurring income and improve investment profitability.

Property damage and liability issues

Property damage hazards and liability issues are critical factors in the rental home company since they might affect the property owner’s financial stability and legal status.

Property damage risks refer to the possibility of property damage caused by natural disasters, accidents, or tenant conduct. Water damage, fire damage, and damage caused by pets, partying, or negligence are all common examples of property damage.

Liability issues refer to the possibility of legal action arising from accidents or injuries on the leased property. These problems can be caused by various circumstances, including unsafe facilities, insufficient security, or a failure to address tenant complaints or concerns.

Property damage concerns and liability difficulties can substantially impact rental property owners. Property damage may necessitate expensive repairs or replacement, whereas liability issues may necessitate legal expenditures and settlements.

To mitigate these risks, rental property owners should keep the property in excellent shape, address possible dangers or safety issues as soon as they arise, and ensure the property is fully insured.

Additionally, property owners should establish clear regulations and processes to reduce tenant conduct that can contribute to property damage, such as enforcing pet, party, or smoking rules.

Owners can also decrease liability by performing frequent safety inspections, providing proper security measures, and responding quickly to tenant complaints or concerns.

While property damage and liability issues are inherent risks in the rental home business, sound risk management measures can assist in limiting these risks and safeguard the property owner’s financial and legal status.

Difficulty in finding the ideal tenants

Finding and screening dependable tenants is one of the most challenging difficulties for rental property owners. Identifying possible tenants, completing background checks, verifying jobs and income, and analyzing creditworthiness are all part of this procedure. The goal is to find tenants who will pay their rent on time, keep the property in good shape, and follow lease conditions and regulations.

Effective tenant management is critical since it substantially impacts the success and profitability of the rental property business. Developing clear expectations and norms for tenant behavior, responding swiftly to tenant complaints and concerns, enforcing lease terms and regulations, and forming positive relationships with tenants are all components of effective tenant management.

Ineffective tenant management can have serious consequences, such as late rent payments or property damage. This can result in missed rental income, increased expenses for finding new renters, and reputational harm to the property owner.

To avoid these risks, landlords should establish clear tenant management policies and processes, convey expectations clearly, and provide a way for tenants to report difficulties or concerns as soon as possible. Owners can also develop tenant screening procedures to discover reputable and trustworthy tenants and establish strong connections with tenants to encourage long-term tenancy.

While locating and screening trustworthy renters can be difficult, good tenant management is critical to the success and profitability of the rental property business. Rental property owners can avoid risks and increase profits by establishing clear regulations and processes, responding quickly to tenant issues, and developing strong relationships with tenants.

Economic factors

Interest rates, inflation, and housing market changes can all greatly impact the rental house business. These factors can impact both the demand for rental homes and the price of property ownership and maintenance.

Interest rates are a major factor influencing the rental house industry. Higher interest rates can increase property owners’ borrowing expenses, making buying and maintaining rental properties more expensive. This can lower rental property profitability and limit the availability of affordable rental accommodation.

Inflation can also impact the rental home industry by increasing the cost of living and lowering rental prices. As the cost of living rises, rental rates may need to rise to keep up, affecting the affordability of rental homes and the profitability of rental properties.

Trends in the housing market can also have a substantial impact on the rental house company. A property market boom, for example, might raise demand for rental houses when homebuyers face high home prices and a limited supply of affordable dwellings. A housing market slump, on the other hand, may decrease demand for rental houses since more individuals can afford to buy homes instead.

Property owners should be educated about economic developments and alter their tactics accordingly to limit the influence of economic issues on the rental house business. This could include modifying rental rates to reflect changes in inflation or demand, taking advantage of low loan rates to refinance or buy properties, and diversifying their property portfolios to reduce risk.

Interest rates, inflation, and housing market changes can all have a big impact on the rental house business. Rental property owners can reduce risks and optimize profits by remaining informed and modifying their strategy accordingly.


The rental property business has several advantages, including a recurrent stream of income and the ability to generate long-term wealth. However, it has several drawbacks, such as high maintenance expenses, vacancy rates and tenant turnover, property damage hazards and liability issues, and difficulties in locating and screening dependable tenants.

Before investing in the rental housing sector, potential investors should carefully evaluate these disadvantages. High maintenance costs and the danger of property damage can result in large expenses that impact profitability. Vacancy rates and tenant turnover can also influence recurrent income, while liability issues can result in legal expenditures and reputational damage to the property owner.

Effective risk management measures, such as developing clear tenant management policies and processes and implementing policies and procedures to limit property damage risks and liability issues, can assist in mitigating these risks. Furthermore, keeping current on economic trends and modifying plans accordingly will help lessen the influence of the economic problems on the rental house business.



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